- The world is impermanent.
- More desire brings more suffering.
- The human mind is always searching outside itself and never feels fulfilled.
- Indolence is an obstacle to practice.
- Ignorance is the cause of the endless round of birth and death.
- Poverty creates hatred and anger.
- The five categories of sensual desire – money, sex, fame, overeating and oversleeping – lead to problems.
- The fire of birth and death is raging, causing endless suffering everywhere.